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Test cricket hat-tricks

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This is a list of all hat-tricks in Test cricket; that is, the occasions when a bowler has taken three wickets in consecutive deliveries in Test cricket matches. As of 8 March 2008, a hat-trick has been taken 37 times since the first Test match in 1877, most recently by England medium-fast bowler Ryan Sidebottom on 8 March 2008 in the 1866th Test. On average, a hat-trick occurs roughly every 50 Tests. At least one bowler from each of the ten nations that play Test cricket has taken a Test hat-trick and India is the only country against whom nobody has taken a hat-trick

In the five-match series between a Rest of the World XI against England in 1970, a hat-trick was taken by South African Eddie Barlow in the fourth match, at Headingley (the last three of four wickets in five balls). These matches were considered to be Tests at the time, but that status was later removed.

England and Australia combined have taken over half of all Test match hat-tricks to date, 21 of 37 (57%). With Ryan Sidebottom's hat-trick, England overtook Australia as the team having taken the most Test match hat-tricks. To date the number of hat-tricks by team is; England- 11, Australia- 10, West Indies- 4, Pakistan- 4, New Zealand - 2, India- 2, South Africa- 1, Sri Lanka- 1, Bangladesh- 1, Zimbabwe- 1.

Notable Test hat-tricks

  • A player has taken two hat-tricks in the same Test match only once. Playing for Australia against South Africa in the first match of the 1912 Triangular Tournament at Old Trafford, Manchester, England, leg spinner Jimmy Matthews took a hat-trick in South Africa's first and second innings (No. 8 and 9 in the list below), both taken on 28 May 1912.
  • Only two other cricketers have taken a Test hat-trick more than once: Australian off spinner Hugh Trumble (No. 6 and 7 in the list below, two years apart, between the same teams at the same ground) and Pakistani fast bowler Wasim Akram (No. 24 and 25 in the list below, just over a week apart, in consecutive matches between the same teams). Wasim Akram is also the only player to have taken a hat-trick while Test captain.
  • Only two cricketers have taken a Test hat-trick and a One-Day International hat-trick: both Pakistani bowlers, Mohammed Sami and Wasim Akram; however, Wasim Akram has the unique distinction of taking two Test hat-tricks and two ODI hat-tricks, making four international hat-tricks in all.
  • Three players have taken a hat-trick on their Test debut, English medium pace bowler Maurice Allom in 1930 (No. 10), New Zealand off-spinner Peter Petherick in 1976 (No. 17), and Australian pace bowler Damien Fleming in 1994 (No. 20).
  • T J Matthews (both hat-tricks), Dominic Cork, Mohammed Sami and Jermaine Lawson all achieved their hat-tricks without fielding assistance.
  • No player has taken four wickets in four balls (although this feat has been accomplished in one day cricket, by Lasith Malinga 28/3/2007 vs South Africa), but Allom's hat-trick was the last three of four wickets in five balls of his eighth over in Test cricket (the second ball being a dot ball). Two other Test players have taken four wickets in five balls: Chris Old, playing for England against Pakistan at Edgbaston in 1978 (the third ball of the series was a no ball), and Wasim Akram, playing for Pakistan against West Indies at Lahore in 1990-91 (the third ball of the series was a dot ball).
  • The youngest player to take a hat-trick is Bangladeshi leg spinner Alok Kapali (No. 32), when aged 19 years 240 days. The oldest player is English off spinner Tom Goddard (No.11), aged 38 years and 87 days.
  • Irfan Pathan (No. 36) is the only bowler to have taken a hat-trick in the first over of a Test match.
  • Merv Hughes (No. 19) is the only bowler to have taken a Test hat-trick with each ball in a different over.

List of Test hat-tricks

No. Bowler For Against Inn. Test Dismissals At Date
1. Fred Spofforth Australia England 1st Only

• Vernon Royle (b)
• Francis MacKinnon (b)
• Tom Emmett (c Tom Horan)

MCG, Melbourne 2 January, 1879
2. Billy Bates England Australia 1st 2nd

• Percy McDonnell (b)
• George Giffen (c and b)
• George Bonnor (c Walter Read)

MCG, Melbourne 20 January, 1883
3. Johnny Briggs England Australia 2nd 2nd

• Walter Giffen (b)
• Jack Blackham (lbw)
• Sydney Callaway (c W. G. Grace)

SCG, Sydney 2 February, 1892
4. George Lohmann England South Africa 2nd 1st

• Frederick Cook (b)
• Bonnor Middleton (b)
• Joseph Willoughby (c Tom Hayward)

St. George's Park, Port Elizabeth 14 February, 1896
5. Jack Hearne England Australia 2nd 3rd

• Clem Hill (b)
• Syd Gregory (c Archie MacLaren)
• Monty Noble (c Ranjitsinhji)

Headingley, Leeds 30 June, 1899
6. Hugh Trumble Australia England 2nd 2nd

• John Gunn (c Sammy Jones)
• Arthur Jones (c Joe Darling)
• Sydney Barnes (c and b)

MCG, Melbourne 4 January, 1902
7. Hugh Trumble Australia England 2nd 5th

• Bernard Bosanquet (c Algy Gehrs)
• Plum Warner (c and b)
• Dick Lilley (lbw)

MCG, Melbourne 8 March, 1904
8. Jimmy Matthews Australia South Africa 1st 1st

• Rolland Beaumont (b)
• Sid Pegler (lbw)
• Tommy Ward (lbw)

Old Trafford, Manchester 28 May, 1912
9. Jimmy Matthews Australia South Africa 2nd 1st

• Herbie Taylor (b)
• Reggie Schwarz (c and b)
• Tommy Ward (c and b)

Old Trafford, Manchester 28 May, 1912
10. Maurice Allom England New Zealand 1st 1st

• Tom Lowry (lbw)
• Ken James (c Tich Cornford)
• Ted Badcock (b)

Lancaster Park, Christchurch 10 January, 1930
11. Tom Goddard England South Africa 1st 1st

• Dudley Nourse (c and b)
• Norman Gordon (st  Leslie Ames)
• Billy Wade (b)

Old Wanderers, Johannesburg 26 December, 1938
12. Peter Loader England West Indies 1st 4th

• John Goddard (b)
• Sonny Ramadhin (c Fred Trueman)
• Roy Gilchrist (b)

Headingley, Leeds 25 July, 1957
13. Lindsay Kline Australia South Africa 2nd 2nd

• Eddie Fuller (c Richie Benaud)
• Hugh Tayfield (lbw)
• Neil Adcock (c Bob Simpson)

Newlands, Cape Town 3 January, 1958
14. Wes Hall West Indies Pakistan 1st 3rd

• Mushtaq Mohammed (lbw)
• Fazal Mahmood (c Garfield Sobers)
• Nasim-ul-Ghani (b)

Bagh-e-Jinnah, Lahore 29 March, 1959
15. Geoffrey Griffin South Africa England 1st 2nd

• M. J. K. Smith (c John Waite)
• Peter Walker (b)
• Fred Trueman (b)

Lord's, London 24 June, 1960
16. Lance Gibbs West Indies Australia 1st 4th

• Ken Mackay (lbw)
• Wally Grout (c Garfield Sobers)
• Frank Misson (b)

Adelaide Oval, Adelaide 30 January, 1961
17. Peter Petherick New Zealand Pakistan 1st 1st

• Javed Miandad (c Richard Hadlee)
• Wasim Raja (c and b)
• Intikhab Alam (c Geoff Howarth)

Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore 9 October, 1976
18. Courtney Walsh West Indies Australia 1st & 2nd 1st

• Tony Dodemaide (c Viv Richards)
• Mike Veletta (c Carl Hooper)
• Graeme Wood (lbw)

Brisbane Cricket Ground, Brisbane 18 November, 20 November, 1988
19. Merv Hughes Australia West Indies 1st & 2nd 2nd

• Curtly Ambrose (c Ian Healy)
• Patrick Patterson (c Tony Dodemaide)
• Gordon Greenidge (lbw)

WACA, Perth 3 December, 4 December, 1988
20. Damien Fleming Australia Pakistan 2nd 2nd

• Aamer Malik (c Michael Bevan)
• Inzamam-ul-Haq (lbw)
• Saleem Malik (c Ian Healy)

Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium, Rawalpindi 9 October, 1994
21. Shane Warne Australia England 2nd 2nd

• Phil DeFreitas (lbw)
• Darren Gough (c Ian Healy)
• Devon Malcolm (c David Boon)

MCG, Melbourne 29 December, 1994
22. Dominic Cork England West Indies 2nd 4th

• Richie Richardson (b)
• Junior Murray (lbw)
• Carl Hooper (lbw)

Old Trafford, Manchester 30 July, 1995
23. Darren Gough England Australia 1st 5th

• Ian Healy (c Warren Hegg)
• Stuart MacGill (b)
• Colin Miller (b)

SCG, Sydney 2 January, 1999
24. Wasim Akram Pakistan Sri Lanka 1st 3rd

• Romesh Kaluwitharana (c Moin Khan)
• Niroshan Bandaratilleke (b)
• Pramodya Wickramasinghe (b)

Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore 6 March, 1999
25. Wasim Akram Pakistan Sri Lanka 2nd Final

• Avishka Gunawardene (c Shahid Afridi)
• Chaminda Vaas (b)
• Mahela Jayawardene (c Wajahatullah Wasti)

Bangabandhu National Stadium, Dhaka 14 March, 1999
26. Nuwan Zoysa Sri Lanka Zimbabwe 1st 2nd

• Trevor Gripper (lbw)
• Murray Goodwin (c Romesh Kaluwitharana)
• Neil Johnson (lbw)

Harare Sports Club, Harare 26 November, 1999
27. Abdul Razzaq Pakistan Sri Lanka 1st 2nd

• Romesh Kaluwitharana (c Moin Khan)
• Rangana Herath (lbw)
• Ravi Pushpakumara (lbw)

Galle International Stadium, Galle 21 June, 2000
28. Glenn McGrath Australia West Indies 1st 2nd

• Sherwin Campbell (c Ricky Ponting)
• Brian Lara (c Stuart MacGill)
• Jimmy Adams (c Justin Langer)

WACA, Perth 1 December, 2000
29. Harbhajan Singh India Australia 1st 2nd

• Ricky Ponting (lbw)
• Adam Gilchrist (lbw)
• Shane Warne (c Sadagoppan Ramesh)

Eden Gardens, Calcutta 11 March, 2001
30. Mohammad Sami Pakistan Sri Lanka 1st Final

• Charitha Buddhika (lbw)
• Nuwan Zoysa (lbw)
• Muttiah Muralitharan (b)

Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore 8 March, 2002
31. Jermaine Lawson West Indies Australia 1st & 2nd 3rd

• Brett Lee (b)
• Stuart MacGill (b)
• Justin Langer (lbw)

Kensington Oval, Bridgetown 2 May, 5 May 2003
32. Alok Kapali Bangladesh Pakistan 1st 2nd

• Shabbir Ahmed (c Mashrafe Mortaza)
• Danish Kaneria (lbw)
• Umar Gul (lbw)

Arbab Niaz Stadium, Peshawar 29 August 2003
33. Andy Blignaut Zimbabwe Bangladesh 2nd 1st

• Hannan Sarkar (lbw)
• Mohammad Ashraful (c sub (Travis Friend))
• Mushfiqur Rahman (c Tatenda Taibu)

Harare Sports Club, Harare 22 February 2004
34. Matthew Hoggard England West Indies 2nd 3rd

• Ramnaresh Sarwan (c Ashley Giles)
• Shivnarine Chanderpaul (lbw)
• Ryan Hinds (c Andrew Flintoff)

Kensington Oval, Barbados 3 April 2004
35. James Franklin New Zealand Bangladesh 1st 1st

• Manjural Islam Rana (c Brendon McCullum)
• Mohammad Rafique (c Scott Styris)
• Tapash Baisya (b)

Bangabandhu National Stadium, Dhaka 20 October 2004
36. Irfan Pathan India Pakistan 1st 3rd

• Salman Butt (c Rahul Dravid)
• Younis Khan (lbw)
• Mohammad Yousuf (b)

National Stadium, Karachi 29 January 2006
37. Ryan Sidebottom England New Zealand 2nd 1st • Stephen Fleming (c Alastair Cook)
• Mathew Sinclair (c Alastair Cook)

• Jacob Oram (lbw)

Seddon Park, Hamilton 8 March 2008

See also

References

Lists
  • Full
  • Partial
    • Wisden Cricketers' Almanack (includes a list to Franklin, No.35), 2005, Matthew Engel (ed), John Wisden & Co Ltd, ISBN 0-947766-89-8 (and earlier editions)
    • Lawson - the fourth West Indian to perform a hat-trick (includes a list to Lawson, No.31), Cricket Archive, 2003. Last accessed 21 March 2006.
    • Hat-tricks in Test Cricket (includes a list to Sami, No.30, with dates, batsmen and dismissals), h2g2, 21 February 2003. Last accessed 21 March 2006.
    • Sami bowls into record books (includes a list to Sami, No.30, with innings, Test, and dismissal), Cricinfo, March 22, 2002. Last accessed 21 March 2006.
    • Harbhajan makes history (includes a list to Harbhajan, No.29, with innings, Test, and dismissal), Cricinfo, March 12, 2001. Last accessed 21 March 2006.
Reports


Test records
Batting averagesTest hat-tricksTest triple centuries
ODI records
Batting averagesODI hat-tricks
World Cup recordsTwenty20 International records
Women's Test recordsWomen's One Day International records

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