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Test cricket refers to the form of the sport played by international teams who are Full Members of the International Cricket Council (ICC). Test matches differ from One Day Internationals in that the former consist of two innings per team, and innings are not restricted in terms of overs. Test cricket is a subset of first-class cricket, so statistics and records set in Test matches also count toward first-class records. The duration of Tests, currently limited to five days, has varied through Test history, ranging from three days to timeless matches. The first recognised Test match was played between England and Australia in March 1877; since then there have been nearly 2,000 Tests played by 11 teams. The frequency of Tests has steadily increased partly because of the rise in the number of Test-playing countries, as well as cricket boards' looking to maximise revenue.

Cricket is, by its nature, capable of generating large numbers of records and statistics. This list details the most significant team and individual records in Test cricket.

The most successful team in Test cricket, in terms of both wins and win percentage, is Australia, having won 332 of their 712 Tests (46.62). Barring the ICC World XI, a rest of world team which played a single Test against Australia in 2005, the least successful team are Bangladesh who have struggled since their introduction to Test cricket in 2000, leading some to question their Test status.

Australian Donald Bradman, widely considered the greatest batsman of all time, holds several personal and partnership records. He scored the most runs in a series, has the most double centuries and was a part of the record fifth and sixth wicket partnerships. His most significant record is his batting average of 99.94, considered one of cricket's most famous statistics,it stands nearly 40 runs higher than any other batsman's average.

In 1956, England spin bowler Jim Laker took 19 wickets for 90 runs (19-90) which set not only the Test record for best match figures but also the first-class one. Laker's second innings analysis of 10-53 was the first occasion of a bowler taking all ten wickets in a Test match innings and they remain the best innings figures. Indian Leg-spinner Anil Kumble is the only other bowler to have taken 10 wickets in an innings, claiming 10-74 against Pakistan in 1999. West Indies batsman Brian Lara is the holder of the highest individual score in Test cricket, he scored 400 not out against England in 2004 to surpass the innings of 380 by Matthew Hayden six months earlier. Lara had held the record before Hayden, with a score of 375 against England 10 years earlier.

The trend of countries to increase the number in Test matches they play means that the aggregate lists are dominated by modern players with many record holders still playing. Sri Lankan spinner Muttiah Muralitharan became the highest Test wicket-taker in December 2007, when he passed Shane Warne's total of 708 wickets. Within a year, the equivalent batting record of highest run-scorer had also changed hands: Sachin Tendulkar surpassed the tally of 11,953 runs by Brian Lara. The records for most dismissals by a wicket-keeper and catches by a fielder are also held by active players: Mark Boucher and Rahul Dravid respectively.

Listing criteria

In general the top five are listed in each category (except when there is a tie for the last place among the five, when all the tied record holders are noted).

Listing notation

Team notation
  • (300-3) indicates that a team scored 300 runs for three wickets and the innings was closed, either due to a successful run chase or if no playing time remained.
  • (300-3 d) indicates that a team scored 300 runs for three wickets, and declared its innings closed.
  • (300) indicates that a team scored 300 runs and was all out.
Batting notation
  • (100) indicates that a batsman scored 100 runs and was out.
  • (100*) indicates that a batsman scored 100 runs and was not out.
Bowling notation
  • (5-100) indicates that a bowler has captured 5 wickets while conceding 100 runs.
Currently playing
  • † indicates a current Test cricketer.
Seasons

An international Test series may be for a much shorter duration, and Cricinfo treats this issue by stating "any series or matches which began between May and September of any given year will appear in the relevant single year season and any that began between October and April will appear in the relevant cross-year season".

In the record tables, a two-year span generally indicates that the record was set within a domestic season in one of the above named countries.

Team records

Team wins, losses and draws

Team First Test match Matches Won Lost Tied Drawn  % Won
Flag of Australia Australia 01877-03-1515 March 1877 812 383 219 2 208 47.16
Flag of Bangladesh.svg Bangladesh 02000-11-1010 November 2000 106 10 80 0 16 9.43
Flag of England England 01877-03-1515 March 1877 997 356 296 0 345 35.70
Flag of India India 01932-06-2525 June 1932 521 144 160 1 216 27.63
Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland 02018-05-1111 May 2018 1 0 1 0 0 0.00
Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand 01930-01-1010 January 1930 426 92 170 0 164 21.59
Flag of Pakistan Pakistan 01952-10-1616 October 1952 413 133 122 0 158 32.20
Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa 01889-03-1212 March 1889 425 161 140 0 124 37.88
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka 01982-02-1717 February 1982 269 85 100 0 84 31.59
Flag of West Indies West Indies 01928-06-2323 June 1928 530 168 187 1 174 31.69
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe 01992-10-1818 October 1992 105 11 67 0 27 10.47
ICC World XI 02005-10-1414 October 2005 1 0 1 0 0 0.00

Note: Flag of Afghanistan.svg Afghanistan were granted Test status on 22 June 2017 but are yet to play a Test match.


Last updated: 15 May 2018

Result records

Greatest win margins (by innings)

Margin Teams Venue Season
Innings and 579 runs Flag of England England (903–7 d) beat Flag of Australia Australia (201 & 123) The Oval, London 1938
Innings and 360 runs Flag of Australia Australia (652–7 d) beat Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa (159 & 133) New Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg 2001–02
Innings and 336 runs Flag of West Indies West Indies (614–5 d) beat Flag of India India (124 & 154) Eden Gardens, Kolkata 1958–59
Innings and 332 runs Flag of Australia Australia (645) beat Flag of England England (141 & 172) Brisbane Cricket Ground 1946–47
Innings and 324 runs Flag of Pakistan Pakistan (643) beat Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand (73 & 246) Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore 2002

Last updated: 12 December 2016

Greatest win margin (by runs)

Margin Teams Venue Season
675 runs Flag of England England (521 & 342–8 d) beat Flag of Australia Australia (122 & 66) Brisbane Exhibition Ground 1928–29
562 runs Flag of Australia Australia (701 & 327) beat Flag of England England (321 & 145) The Oval, London 1934
530 runs Flag of Australia Australia (328 & 578) beat Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa (205 & 171) Melbourne Cricket Ground 1910–11
492 runs Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa (488 & 344-6 d) beat Flag of Australia Australia (221 & 119) Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg 2018
491 runs Flag of Australia Australia (381 & 361–5 d) beat Flag of Pakistan Pakistan (179 & 72) WACA Ground, Perth 2004–05

Last updated: 3 April 2018

Matches that finished with scores level

Result Teams Venue Season
Tie Flag of Australia Australia (505 & 232) vs Flag of West Indies West Indies (453 & 284) The Gabba 1960–61
Tie Flag of India India (397 & 347) vs Flag of Australia Australia (574–7 d & 170–5 d) MA Chidambaram Stadium, Madras 1986–87
Draw Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe (376 & 234) vs Flag of England England (406 & 204–5) Queens Sports Club, Bulawayo 1996–97
Draw Flag of India India (482 & 242–9) vs Flag of West Indies West Indies (590 & 134) Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai 2011–12

Last updated: 15 June 2016

Narrowest win margin (by wickets)

Margin Teams Venue Season
1 wicket Flag of England England (183 & 263–9) beat Flag of Australia Australia (324 & 121) The Oval, London 1902
Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa (91 & 287–9) beat Flag of England England (184 & 190) Old Wanderers, Johannesburg 1905–06
Flag of England England (382 & 282–9) beat Flag of Australia Australia (266 & 397) Melbourne Cricket Ground 1907–08
Flag of England England (183 & 173–9) beat Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa (113 & 242) Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town 1922–23
Flag of Australia Australia (216 & 260–9) beat Flag of West Indies West Indies (272 & 203) Melbourne Cricket Ground 1951–52
Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand (249 & 104–9) beat Flag of West Indies West Indies (140 & 212) Carisbrook, Dunedin 1979–80
Flag of Pakistan Pakistan (256 & 315–9) beat Flag of Australia Australia (337 & 232) National Stadium, Karachi 1994–95
Flag of West Indies West Indies (329 & 311–9) beat Flag of Australia Australia (490 & 146) Kensington Oval, Bridgetown 1998–99
Flag of West Indies West Indies (273 & 216–9) beat Flag of Pakistan Pakistan (269 & 219) Antigua Recreation Ground, St. John's 1999–00
Flag of Pakistan Pakistan (175 & 262–9) beat Flag of Bangladesh.svg Bangladesh (281 & 154) Ibn-e-Qasim Bagh Stadium, Multan 2003
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka (321 & 352–9) beat Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa (361 & 311) Paikiasothy Saravanamuttu Stadium, Colombo 2006
Flag of India India (405 & 216–9) beat Flag of Australia Australia (428 & 192) Punjab Cricket Association Stadium, Mohali 2010–11

Last updated: 15 June 2016

Narrowest win margin (by runs)

Margin Teams Venue Season
1 run Flag of West Indies West Indies (252 & 146) beat Flag of Australia Australia (213 & 184) Adelaide Oval 1992–93
2 runs Flag of England England (407 & 182) beat Flag of Australia Australia (308 & 279) Edgbaston, Birmingham 2005
3 runs Flag of Australia Australia (299 & 86) beat Flag of England England (262 & 120) Old Trafford, Manchester 1902
Flag of England England (284 & 294) beat Flag of Australia Australia (287 & 288) Melbourne Cricket Ground 1982–83
5 runs Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa (169 & 239) beat Flag of Australia Australia (292 & 111) Sydney Cricket Ground 1993–94

Last updated: 15 June 2016

Victory after following-on

Margin Teams Venue Season
10 runs Flag of England England (325 & 437) beat Flag of Australia Australia (586 & 166) Sydney Cricket Ground 1894–95
18 runs Flag of England England (174 & 356) beat Flag of Australia Australia (401–9 d & 111) Headingley, Leeds 1981
171 runs Flag of India India (171 & 657–7 d) beat Flag of Australia Australia (445 & 212) Eden Gardens, Kolkata 2000–01

Last updated: 15 June 2016

Most consecutive wins

Wins Team First win Last win
16 Flag of Australia Australia Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe at Harare, 14 October 1999 Flag of India India at Mumbai, 27 February 2001
16 Flag of Australia Australia Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa at Melbourne, 26 December 2005 Flag of India India at Sydney, 2 January 2008
11 Flag of West Indies West Indies Flag of Australia Australia at Bridgetown, 30 March 1984 Flag of Australia Australia at Adelaide, 7 December 1984
9 Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Flag of India India at Colombo, 29 August 2001 Flag of Pakistan Pakistan at Lahore, 6 March 2002
9 Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Flag of Australia Australia at Durban, 15 March 2002 Flag of Bangladesh.svg Bangladesh at Dhaka, 1 May 2003

Last updated: 15 June 2016

Team scoring records

Most runs in an innings
Runs Teams Venue Season
952-6 d Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka (v Flag of India India) Ranasinghe Premadasa Stadium, Colombo 1997
903-7 d Flag of England England (v Flag of Australia Australia) The Oval, London 1938
849 Flag of England England (v Flag of West Indies West Indies) Sabina Park, Kingston 1929–30
790–3 d Flag of West Indies West Indies (v Flag of Pakistan Pakistan) Sabina Park, Kingston 1957–58
765–6 d Flag of Pakistan Pakistan (v Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka) National Stadium, Karachi 2008–09

Last updated: 14 September 2017

Fewest runs in a completed innings
Runs Teams Venue Date
26 Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand (v Flag of England England) Eden Park, Auckland 25 March 1955
30 Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa (v Flag of England England) St. George's Park, Port Elizabeth 13 February 1896
Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa (v Flag of England England) Edgbaston, Birmingham 14 June 1924
35 Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa (v Flag of England England) Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town 1 April 1899
36 Flag of Australia Australia (v Flag of England England) Edgbaston, Birmingham 29 May 1902
Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa (v Flag of Australia Australia) Melbourne Cricket Ground 12 February 1932

Last updated: 14 September 2017

Highest fourth-innings totals to win
Runs Teams Venue Season
418–7 Flag of West Indies West Indies (v Flag of Australia Australia) Antigua Recreation Ground, St. John's 2002–03
414–4 Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa (v Flag of Australia Australia) WACA Ground, Perth 2008–09
406–4 Flag of India India (v Flag of West Indies West Indies) Queen's Park Oval, Port of Spain 1975–76
404–3 Flag of Australia Australia (v Flag of England England) Headingley, Leeds 1948
391–6 Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka (v Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe) Ranasinghe Premadasa Stadium, Colombo 2017

Last updated: 14 September 2017

Individual records

Individual records (batting)

Career runs

Template:Details

Most career runs
Runs Player Period
15,921 (329 innings) Flag of India India Sachin Tendulkar 1989–2013
13,378 (287 innings) Flag of Australia Australia Ricky Ponting 1995–2012
13,289 (280 innings) Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Jacques Kallis 1995–2013
13,288 (286 innings) Flag of India India Rahul Dravid 1996–2012
12,400 (233 innings) Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Kumar Sangakkara 2000–2015

Last updated: 15 June 2016

Most career runs – progression of record
Runs Player Record held until Duration of record
239 Flag of Australia Australia Charles Bannerman 4 January 1882 4 years, 295 days
676 Flag of England England George Ulyett[a] 13 August 1884 2 years, 222 days
860 Flag of Australia Australia Billy Murdoch[b] 14 August 1886 2 years, 1 day
1,277 Flag of England England Arthur Shrewsbury 23 January 1902 15 years, 162 days
1,293 Flag of Australia Australia Joe Darling[c] 18 February 1902 26 days
1,366 Flag of Australia Australia Syd Gregory[d] 14 June 1902 116 days
1,531 Flag of England England Archie MacLaren[e] 13 August 1902 60 days
3,412 Flag of Australia Australia Clem Hill 27 December 1924 22 years, 136 days
5,410 Flag of England England Jack Hobbs 29 June 1937 12 years, 184 days
7,249 Flag of England England Wally Hammond 27 November 1970 33 years, 151 days
7,459 Flag of England England Colin Cowdrey[f] 23 March 1972 1 year, 117 days
8,032 Flag of West Indies West Indies Garfield Sobers 23 December 1981 9 years, 275 days
8,114 Flag of England England Geoffrey Boycott 12 November 1983 1 year, 324 days
10,122 Flag of India India Sunil Gavaskar 25 February 1993 9 years, 105 days
11,174 Flag of Australia Australia Allan Border 25 November 2005 12 years, 273 days
11,953 Flag of West Indies West Indies Brian Lara 17 October 2008 2 years, 327 days
15,921 Flag of India India Sachin Tendulkar current Template:Age in years and days

Last updated: 15 June 2016


Notes:

  • ^[a] Ulyett finished his career with 949 runs
  • ^[b] Murdoch finished his career with 908 runs
  • ^[c] Darling finished his career with 1,657 runs
  • ^[d] Gregory finished his career with 2,282 runs
  • ^[e] MacLaren finished his career with 1,931 runs
  • ^[f] Cowdrey finished his career with 7,624 runs

Most runs in each batting position

Batting position Player Runs Average
Opener Flag of England England Alastair Cook dagger 11378 45.88
Number 3 Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Kumar Sangakkara 11679 60.83
Number 4 Flag of India India Sachin Tendulkar 13492 54.40
Number 5 Flag of West Indies West Indies Shivnarine Chanderpaul 6883 56.42
Number 6 Flag of Australia Australia Steve Waugh 3165 51.05
Number 7 Flag of Australia Australia Adam Gilchrist 3948 46.45
Number 8 Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand Daniel Vettori 2227 39.77
Number 9 Flag of England England Stuart Broad dagger 1292 20.51
Number 10 Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Dale Steyn dagger 518 12.95
Number 11 Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Muttiah Muralitharan 623 11.33

Last updated: 17 January 2018

Highest career batting average

Average Player Period
99.94 (80 innings) Flag of Australia Australia Donald Bradman 1928–1948
64.02 (108 innings) Flag of Australia Australia Steve Smith dagger 2010–
61.87 (31 innings) Flag of Australia Australia Adam Voges 2015–2016
60.97 (41 innings) Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Graeme Pollock 1963–1970
60.83 (40 innings) Flag of West Indies West Indies George Headley 1930–1954
60.73 (84 innings) Flag of England England Herbert Sutcliffe 1924–1935

Qualification: 20 innings.


Note: If the qualification is removed, the record Test batting average is Flag of West Indies West Indies Andy Ganteaume's 112.00; Ganteaume was dismissed for 112 runs in his only Test innings. A very few one-Test wonders have never been dismissed, leaving them without a defined Test batting average. Notable players who played only a single Test innings without a dismissal are Flag of Australia Australia Stuart Law (54*, innings declared) and Flag of England England Andy Lloyd (10*, retired hurt).


Last updated: 6 January 2017

Innings or series

Highest individual score (see also List of Test cricket triple centuries)
Runs Player Opponent Venue Season
400* Flag of West Indies West Indies Brian Lara Flag of England England Antigua Recreation Ground, St. John's 2003–04
380 Flag of Australia Australia Matthew Hayden Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe WACA Ground, Perth 2003–04
375 Flag of West Indies West Indies Brian Lara Flag of England England Antigua Recreation Ground, St. John's 1993–94
374 Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Mahela Jayawardene Flag of South Africa.svg South AfricaSinhalese Sports Club Ground, Colombo 2006
365* Flag of West Indies West Indies Garfield Sobers Flag of Pakistan Pakistan Sabina Park, Kingston 1957–58

Last updated: 15 June 2015

Highest individual score – progression of record
Runs Player Opponent Venue Season Test match Number
165* Flag of Australia Australia Charles Bannerman Flag of England England Melbourne Cricket Ground 1876–77 Test No. 1
211 Flag of Australia Australia Billy Murdoch Flag of England England The Oval, London 1884Test No. 16
287 Flag of England England R. E. Foster Flag of Australia Australia Sydney Cricket Ground 1903–04Test No. 78
325 Flag of England England Andy Sandham Flag of West Indies West Indies Sabina Park, Kingston 1929–30Test No. 193
334 Flag of Australia Australia Don Bradman Flag of England England Headingley, Leeds 1930Test No. 196
336* Flag of England England Wally Hammond Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand Eden Park, Auckland 1932–33Test No. 226
364 Flag of England England Len Hutton Flag of Australia Australia The Oval, London 1938Test No. 266
365* Flag of West Indies West Indies Garfield Sobers Flag of Pakistan Pakistan Sabina Park, Kingston 1957–58Test No. 452
375 Flag of West Indies West Indies Brian Lara Flag of England England Antigua Recreation Ground, St. John's 1993–94Test No. 1259
380 Flag of Australia Australia Matthew Hayden Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe WACA Ground, Perth 2003–04Test No. 1661
400* Flag of West Indies West Indies Brian Lara Flag of England England Antigua Recreation Ground, St. John's 2003–04Test No. 1696

Last updated: 15 June 2016

Most runs in a match
Runs Scores Player Match
456 333 and 123 Flag of England England Graham Gooch v Flag of India India at Lord's, 1990
426 334* and 92 Flag of Australia Australia Mark Taylor v Flag of Pakistan Pakistan at Peshawar, 1998–99
424 319 and 105 Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Kumar Sangakkara v Flag of Bangladesh.svg Bangladesh at Chittagong, 2013–14
400 400* Flag of West Indies West Indies Brian Lara v Flag of England England at St John's, Antigua, 2003–04
380 247* and 133 Flag of Australia Australia Greg Chappell v Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand at Wellington, 1973–74
380 Flag of Australia Australia Matthew Hayden v Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe at Perth, 2003–04

Last updated: 15 June 2016

Most runs in a series
Runs Player Series
974 (7 innings) Flag of Australia Australia Donald Bradman v Flag of England England, 1930
905 (9 innings) Flag of England England Wally Hammond v Flag of Australia Australia, 1928–29
839 (11 innings) Flag of Australia Australia Mark Taylor v Flag of England England, 1989
834 (9 innings) Flag of Australia Australia Neil Harvey v Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa, 1952–53
829 (7 innings) Flag of West Indies West Indies Viv Richards v Flag of England England, 1976

Last updated: 15 June 2016

Calendar year and between dismissals

Most runs in a calendar year
Runs Player Average Year
1788 Flag of Pakistan Pakistan Mohammad Yousuf 99.33 2006
1710 Flag of West Indies West Indies Vivian Richards 90.00 1976
1656 Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Graeme Smith 72.00 2008
1595 Flag of Australia Australia Michael Clarke 106.33 2012
1562 Flag of India India Sachin Tendulkar 78.10 2010

Last updated: 15 June 2015

Most runs between consecutive dismissals
Runs Player Innings Sequence Season
614 Flag of Australia Australia Adam Voges 3 269*, 106*, 239 2015-16
497 Flag of India India Sachin Tendulkar 4 241*, 60*, 194*, 2 2003-04
490 Flag of West Indies West Indies Garfield Sobers 2 365*, 125 1957-58
489 Flag of Australia Australia Michael Clarke 2 259*, 230 2012-13
473 Flag of India India Rahul Dravid 4 41*, 200*, 70*, 162 2000-01

Last updated: 21 December 2017

Highest scores at each batting position

Batting position Player Score Opponent Venue Date
Opener Flag of Australia Australia Matthew Hayden 380 Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe WACA Ground 9 October 2003
Number 3 Flag of West Indies West Indies Brian Lara 400* Flag of England England Antigua Recreation Ground 10 April 2004
Number 4 Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Mahela Jayawardene 374 Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Sinhalese Sports Club Ground 27 July 2006
Number 5 Flag of Australia Australia Michael Clarke 329* Flag of India India Sydney Cricket Ground 3 January 2012
Number 6 Flag of England England Ben Stokes dagger 258 Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground 2 January 2016
Number 7 Flag of Australia Australia Donald Bradman 270 Flag of England England Melbourne Cricket Ground 1 January 1937
Number 8 Flag of Pakistan Pakistan Wasim Akram 257* Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe Sheikhupura Stadium 17 October 1996
Number 9 Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand Ian Smith 173 Flag of India India Eden Park 22 February 1990
Number 10 Flag of England England Walter Read 117 Flag of Australia Australia Kennington Oval 11 August 1884
Number 11 Flag of Australia Australia Ashton Agar dagger 98 Flag of England England Trent Bridge 10 July 2013

Last updated: 18 November 2017

Innings as captain

Highest individual score as captain
Runs Player Opponent Venue Season
400* Flag of West Indies West Indies Brian Lara Flag of England England Antigua Recreation Ground, St. John's 2003–04
374 Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Mahela Jayawardene Flag of South Africa.svg South AfricaSinhalese Sports Club Ground, Colombo 2006
334* Flag of Australia Australia Mark Taylor Flag of Pakistan Pakistan Arbab Niaz Stadium, Peshawar 1998
333 Flag of England England Graham Gooch Flag of India India Lord's, London 1990
329* Flag of Australia Australia Michael Clarke Flag of India India Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney 2012

Last updated: 15 June 2015

Innings carrying the bat

Highest individual score (see also List of cricketers who have carried the bat in international cricket)
Runs Player Opponent Venue Season
244* Flag of England England Alastair Cook dagger Flag of Australia Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne 2017-18
223* Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand Glenn Turner Flag of West Indies West Indies Sabina Park, Kingston 1972
216* Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Marvan Atapattu Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe Queens Sports Club, Bulawayo 1999-00
206* Flag of Australia Australia Bill Brown Flag of England England Lord's, London 1931
202* Flag of England England Len Hutton Flag of West Indies West Indies The Oval, London 1950

Last updated: 29 December 2017

Most runs in an over

Runs Sequence Batsman Bowler Venue Season
28 4–6–6–4–4–4 Flag of West Indies West Indies Brian Lara Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Robin Peterson Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg 2003–04
4–6–2–4–6–6 Flag of Australia Australia George Bailey Flag of England England James Anderson dagger WACA, Perth 2013–14
27 6–6–6–6–2–1 Flag of Pakistan Pakistan Shahid Afridi Flag of India India Harbhajan Singh dagger Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore 2005–06
26 4–4–6–0–6–6 Flag of Australia Australia Mitchell Johnson Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Paul Harris Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg 2008–09
4–0–6–6–6–4 Flag of West Indies West Indies Brian Lara Flag of Pakistan Pakistan Danish Kaneria Multan Cricket Stadium 2006–07
4–4–4–4–6–4 Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand Craig McMillan Flag of Pakistan Pakistan Younis Khan Seddon Park, Hamilton 2000–01
4–6–6–0–4–6 Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand Brendon McCullum Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Suranga Lakmal Hagley Oval, Christchurch, New Zealand 2014–15
4–4–6–6–6–0 Flag of India India Hardik Pandya dagger Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Malinda Pushpakumara dagger Pallekele International Cricket Stadium,Sri Lanka 2017

Last updated: 14 August 2017

Centuries

Most Test centuries

Centuries Player Matches Innings Inns/Century
51 Flag of India India Sachin Tendulkar 200 329 6.4
45 Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Jacques Kallis 166 280 6.2
41 Flag of Australia Australia Ricky Ponting 168 287 7.0
38 Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Kumar Sangakkara 132 229 6.0
36 Flag of India India Rahul Dravid 164 286 7.9

Last updated: 15 June 2016

Fastest Test centuries
No. of balls Player Opponent Venue Season
54 Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand Brendon McCullum Flag of Australia Australia Hagley Oval, Christchurch 2015–16
56 Flag of West Indies West Indies Viv Richards Flag of England England Antigua Recreation Ground, St. John's 1985–86
Flag of Pakistan Pakistan Misbah-ul-Haq Flag of Australia Australia Sheikh Zayed Cricket Stadium, Abu Dhabi 2014
57 Flag of Australia Australia Adam Gilchrist Flag of England England WACA Ground, Perth 2006–07
67 Flag of Australia Australia Jack Gregory Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg 1921–22

Last updated: 15 June 2016

Most Test double centuries
Double centuries Player Matches
12 Flag of Australia Australia Donald Bradman 52
11 Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Kumar Sangakkara 130
9 Flag of West Indies West Indies Brian Lara 131
7 Flag of England England Wally Hammond 85
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Mahela Jayawardene 149

Last updated: 15 June 2016

Most Test triple centuries
Triple centuries Player Matches
2 Flag of Australia Australia Donald Bradman 52
Flag of India India Virender Sehwag 104
Flag of West Indies West Indies Chris Gayle 103
Flag of West Indies West Indies Brian Lara 131

Last updated: 11 December 2016

Note:

21 other players have scored a triple century in a Test: see List of Test cricket triple centuries for more details

Most Test quadruple centuries
Quadruple centuries Player Matches
1 Flag of West Indies West Indies Brian Lara 131

Last updated: 15 June 2016

Half Centuries

Most Test 50+

50+ Player Matches Innings
119 Flag of India India Sachin Tendulkar 200 329
103 Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Jacques Kallis 166 280
103 Flag of Australia Australia Ricky Ponting 168 287
99 Flag of India India Rahul Dravid 164 286
96 Flag of West Indies West Indies Shivnarine Chanderpaul 164 280

Last updated: 15 June 2016

Fastest Test half-centuries
No. of balls Player Opponent Venue Season
21 Flag of Pakistan Pakistan Misbah-ul-Haq Flag of Australia Australia Australia Sheikh Zayed Stadium, Abu Dhabi 2014/15
24 Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Jacques Kallis Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe Zimbabwe Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town 2004/05
25 Flag of West Indies West Indies Shane Shillingford Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand New Zealand Sabina Park, Kingston 2014
26 Flag of Pakistan Pakistan Shahid Afridi Flag of India India India M Chinnaswamy Stadium, Bangalore 2004/05
Flag of Bangladesh.svg Bangladesh Mohammad Ashraful Flag of India India India Sher-e-Bangla Cricket Stadium, Mirpur 2007
Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Dale Steyn dagger Flag of West Indies West Indies West Indies St. George's Park, Port Elizabeth 2014/15

Last updated: 15 June 2016

Most fours in career

Fours Player Innings
2058+ Flag of India India Sachin Tendulkar 329
1654 Flag of India India Rahul Dravid 286
1559 Flag of West Indies West Indies Brian Lara 232
1509 Flag of Australia Australia Ricky Ponting 287
1491 Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Kumar Sangakkara 233

Key: + means the complete career records aren't known

Last updated: 15 February 2016

Individual records (bowling)

Career

Most wickets in a career
Wickets Player Matches Average
800 Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Muttiah Muralitharan 133 22.72
708 Flag of Australia Australia Shane Warne 145 25.41
619 Flag of India India Anil Kumble 132 29.65
563 Flag of Australia Australia Glenn McGrath 124 21.64
523 Flag of England England James Anderson dagger 133 27.40

Last updated: 8 January 2018

Most wickets in a career – Progression of record
Wickets Player Matches Average Record held until Duration of record
8[a] Flag of England England Alfred Shaw 1 10.75 31 March 1877 16 days
14 Flag of Australia Australia Tom Kendall 2 15.35 4 January 1879 1 year, 279 days
94[b] Flag of Australia Australia Fred Spofforth 18 18.41 12 January 1895 16 years, 8 days
118 Flag of England England Johnny Briggs 33 17.75 2 January 1904 8 years, 355 days
141 Flag of Australia Australia Hugh Trumble 32 21.78 13 December 1913 9 years, 345 days
189 Flag of England England Sydney Barnes 27 16.43 4 January 1936 22 years, 22 days
216 Flag of Australia Australia Clarrie Grimmett 37 24.21 24 July 1953 17 years, 201 days
236 Flag of England England Alec Bedser 51 24.89 26 January 1963 9 years, 186 days
242[c] Flag of England England Brian Statham 67 24.27 15 March 1963 48 days
307 Flag of England England Fred Trueman 67 21.57 1 February 1976 12 years, 323 days
309 Flag of West Indies West Indies Lance Gibbs 79 29.09 27 December 1981 5 years, 329 days
355 Flag of Australia Australia Dennis Lillee 70 23.92 21 August 1986 4 years, 237 days
373[d] Flag of England England Ian Botham 94 27.86 12 November 1988 2 years, 83 days
431 Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand Richard Hadlee 86 22.29 8 February 1994 5 years, 88 days
434 Flag of India India Kapil Dev 131 29.64 27 March 2000 6 years, 48 days
519 Flag of West Indies West Indies Courtney Walsh 132 24.44 8 May 2004 4 years, 42 days
532[e] Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Muttiah Muralitharan 91 22.87 15 October 2004 160 days
708 Flag of Australia Australia Shane Warne 145 25.41 3 December 2007 3 years, 49 days
800 Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Muttiah Muralitharan 133 22.72 Current Template:Age in years and days

Notes
^[a] Allen Hill took the first Test wicket, but only two in the First Test match. Alfred Shaw (3/51 & 5/35) and Tom Kendall (1/54 & 7/55) both took eight wickets, but as Australia batted first Shaw was the first to take five wickets in an innings and the first to take eight Test wickets. Kendall overtook him in the Second Test and Shaw subsequently increased his total to 12 wickets (15.35) in seven Tests
^[b] Johnny Briggs equalled Fred Spofforth's record of 94 Test wickets on 29 December 1894 in the Second Test at Melbourne, as did Charles Turner two days later. Briggs overook Turner and Spofforth in the Third Test at Adelaide, which Turner missed, and became the first man to claim 100 Test wickets on 1 February 1895 in the Fourth Test at Sydney. Turner became the second three days later and ended with a total of 101 wickets (16.53) in 17 Tests
^[c] Fred Trueman overtook Brian Statham's then record of 242 Test wickets and Statham subsequently increased his total to 252 wickets (24.84) in 70 Tests
^[d] Richard Hadlee overtook Ian Botham's then record of 373 Test wickets and Botham subsequently increased his total to 383 wickets (28.40) in 102 Tests
^[e] Shane Warne overtook Muttiah Muralitharan's then record of 532 Test wickets and Muralitharan subsequently increased his total to 800 wickets (22.72) in 133 Tests

Best career average
Average Player Balls Wickets
10.75 Flag of England England George Lohmann 3,830 112
12.70 Flag of England England/Flag of Australia Australia John Ferris[a] 2,302 61
15.54 Flag of England England Billy Barnes 2,289 51
16.42 Flag of England England Billy Bates 2,364 50
16.43 Flag of England England Sydney Barnes 7,873 189

Qualification: 2000 balls bowled
Last updated: 15 June 2016


Note: If the qualification is removed, the best career average record is at 0.00 runs per wicket (i.e. no runs were conceded). This record is shared by Englishmen A N Hornby, Wilf Barber and New Zealander, Bruce Murray who took one wicket without conceding a run


  • ^[a] John Ferris was one of a few cricketers to play Test cricket for more than one country. He played in eight Tests for Australia from 1886–87 and a single Test for England in South Africa in 1891–92.
Best career strike rate
Strike rate Player Balls Wickets
34.1 Flag of England England George Lohmann 3,830 112
37.7 Flag of Australia Australia / Flag of England England J. J. Ferris 2,302 61
38.7 Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand Shane Bond 3,372 87
41.4 Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Dale Steyn dagger 17,286 417
41.6 Flag of England England Sydney Barnes 7,873 189

Qualification: 2000 balls bowled
Last updated: 2 September 2017

Most 5 wickets in an innings
5 wickets in an innings Player Matches
67 Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Muttiah Muralitharan 133
37 Flag of Australia Australia Shane Warne 145
36 Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand Richard Hadlee 86
35 Flag of India India Anil Kumble 132
29 Flag of Australia Australia Glenn McGrath 124

Last updated: 15 June 2016

Most 10 wickets in a match
10 wickets in a match Player Matches
22 Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Muttiah Muralitharan 133
10 Flag of Australia Australia Shane Warne 145
9 Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand Richard Hadlee 86
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Rangana Herath dagger 83
8 Flag of India India Anil Kumble 132

Last updated: 2 September 2017

Series

Most wickets in a series
Wickets Player Series
49 (4 Tests) Flag of England England Sydney Barnes v Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa 1913–14
46 (5 Tests) Flag of England England Jim Laker v Flag of Australia Australia, 1956
44 (5 Tests) Flag of Australia Australia Clarrie Grimmett v Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa 1935–36
42 (6 Tests) Flag of Australia Australia Terry Alderman v Flag of England England, 1981
41 (6 Tests) Flag of Australia Australia Terry Alderman v Flag of England England, 1989
Flag of Australia Australia Rodney Hogg v Flag of England England, 1978–79

Last updated: 15 June 2016

Innings

Best figures in an innings
Bowling Player Opponent Venue Season
10–53 Flag of England England Jim Laker Flag of Australia Australia (2nd innings) Old Trafford, Manchester 1956
10–74 Flag of India India Anil Kumble Flag of Pakistan Pakistan Feroz Shah Kotla Ground, Delhi 1998–99
9–28 Flag of England England George Lohmann Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg 1895–96
9–37 Flag of England England Jim Laker Flag of Australia Australia (1st innings) Old Trafford, Manchester 1956
9–51 Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Muttiah Muralitharan Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe Asgiriya Stadium, Kandy 2001–02

Last updated: 15 June 2016

Best figures in an innings – progression of record
Bowling Player Opponent Venue Season
7–55 Flag of Australia Australia Tom Kendall
(in the inaugural Test match)
Flag of England EnglandMelbourne Cricket Ground 1876–77
7–44 Flag of Australia Australia Fred Spofforth Flag of England England The Oval, London 1882
7–28 Flag of England England Billy Bates Flag of Australia Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground 1882–83
8–35 Flag of England England George Lohmann Flag of Australia Australia Sydney Cricket Ground 1886–87
8–11 Flag of England England Johnny Briggs Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town 1888–89
8–7 Flag of England England George Lohmann Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa St. George's Park, Port Elizabeth 1895–96
9–28 Flag of England England George Lohmann Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg 1895–96
10–53 Flag of England England Jim Laker Flag of Australia Australia Old Trafford, Manchester 1956

Calculated at the conclusion of each Test
Last updated: 15 June 2016

Match records

Best figures in a match
Bowling Player Opponent Venue Season
19–90 Flag of England England Jim Laker Flag of Australia Australia Manchester, England, 1956
17–159 Flag of England England Sydney Barnes Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg 1913–14
16–136 Flag of India India Narendra Hirwani Flag of West Indies West Indies M. A. Chidambaram Stadium, Chennai 1987–88
16–137 Flag of Australia Australia Bob Massie Flag of England England Lord's, London 1972
16–220 Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Muttiah Muralitharan Flag of England England The Oval, London 1998

Last updated: 15 June 2016

Innings as captain

Best figures in an innings as captain
Bowling Player Opponent Venue Season
9–83 Flag of India India Kapil Dev Flag of West Indies West Indies Sardar Patel Stadium, Ahmedabad 1983
8–60 Flag of Pakistan Pakistan Imran Khan Flag of India India National Stadium, Karachi, Karachi 1982
8–63 Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Rangana Herathdagger Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe Harare Sports Club, Harare 2016
8–106 Flag of India India Kapil Dev Flag of Australia Australia Adelaide Oval, Adelaide 1985
7–37 Flag of West Indies West Indies Courtney Walsh Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand Basin Reserve, Wellington 1995

Last updated: 16 March 2017

Match records as captain

Best figures in a match
Bowling Player Opponent Venue Season
13–55 Flag of West Indies West Indies Courtney Walsh Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand Basin Reserve, Wellington, New Zealand 1995
13–135 Flag of Pakistan Pakistan Waqar Younis Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe Southend Club Cricket Stadium, Karachi, Pakistan 1993
13–152 Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Rangana Herathdagger Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe Harare Sports Club, Harare, Zimbabwe 2016
12–100 Flag of Pakistan Pakistan Fazal Mahmood Flag of West Indies West Indies Bangabandhu National Stadium, Dhaka, Bangladesh 1959
11–79 Flag of Pakistan Pakistan Imran Khan Flag of India India National Stadium, Karachi, Pakistan 1982

Last updated: 15 June 2016<

Individual records (fielding)

Most catches in Test career

Catches Player Matches
210 Flag of India India Rahul Dravid 164
205 Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Mahela Jayawardene 149
200 Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Jacques Kallis 166
196 Flag of Australia Australia Ricky Ponting 168
181 Flag of Australia Australia Mark Waugh 128
Note:The list excludes catches made as wicket-keeper Last updated: 15 June 2016

Individual records (wicket-keeping)

Most dismissals
Dismissals Player Matches
555 (532 catches + 23 stumpings) Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Mark Boucher 147
416 (379 catches + 37 stumpings) Flag of Australia Australia Adam Gilchrist 96
395 (366 catches + 29 stumpings) Flag of Australia Australia Ian Healy 119
355 (343 catches + 12 stumpings) Flag of Australia Australia Rod Marsh 96
294 (256 catches + 38 stumpings) Flag of India India MS Dhoni 90

Last updated: 15 June 2016

Most catches
Catches Player Matches
532 Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Mark Boucher 147
379 Flag of Australia Australia Adam Gilchrist 96
366 Flag of Australia Australia Ian Healy 119
343 Flag of Australia Australia Rod Marsh 96
265 Flag of West Indies West Indies Jeff Dujon 81

Last updated: 15 June 2016

Most stumpings
Stumpings Player Matches
52 Flag of Australia Australia Bert Oldfield 54
46 Flag of England England Godfrey Evans 91
38 Flag of India India Syed Kirmani 88
Flag of India India MS Dhoni 90
37 Flag of Australia Australia Adam Gilchrist 96

Last updated: 15 June 2016

Individual records (as an all-rounder)

10 Wickets and a Century in a Test match
Player Runs Wickets Date Opponent Venue
Flag of England England Ian Botham 114 13/109 15 February 1980 Flag of India India Mumbai, India
Flag of Pakistan Pakistan Imran Khan 117 11/180 3 January 1983 Flag of India India Faisalabad, Pakistan
Flag of Bangladesh.svg Bangladesh Shakib Al Hasan 137 10/124 3 November 2014 Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe Khulna, Bangladesh

Last updated: 15 June 2016

Individual records (other)

Most matches played
Matches Player Period
200 Flag of India India Sachin Tendulkar 1989–2013
168 Flag of Australia Australia Steve Waugh 1985–2004
Flag of Australia Australia Ricky Ponting 1995–2012
166 Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Jacques Kallis 1995–2013
164 Flag of India India Rahul Dravid 1996–2012
Flag of West Indies West Indies Shivnarine Chanderpaul 1994–2015

Last updated: 15 June 2016

Most matches played as captain
Matches Player Won Lost Drawn Tied
109 Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Graeme Smith 53 29 27 0
93 Flag of Australia Australia Allan Border 32 22 38 1
80 Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand Stephen Fleming 28 27 25 0
77 Flag of Australia Australia Ricky Ponting 48 16 13 0
74 Flag of West Indies West Indies Clive Lloyd 36 12 26 0

Last updated: 15 June 2016

Most matches won as captain
Won Player Lost Drawn Ties Matches
53 Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Graeme Smith 26 26 0 109
48 Flag of Australia Australia Ricky Ponting 16 13 0 77
41 Flag of Australia Australia Steve Waugh 9 7 0 57
36 Flag of West Indies West Indies Clive Lloyd 12 26 0 74
32 Flag of Australia Australia Allan Border 22 38 1 93

Last updated: 15 June 2016

Partnership records

Highest partnership for each wicket

Partnership Runs Team Players Opposition Venue Season
1st wicket 415 Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Graeme Smith (232) Neil McKenzie (226) Flag of Bangladesh.svg Bangladesh Chittagong Divisional Stadium 2008
2nd wicket 576 Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Sanath Jayasuriya (340) Roshan Mahanama (225) Flag of India India Ranasinghe Premadasa Stadium, Colombo 1997–98
3rd wicket 624 Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Kumar Sangakkara (287) Mahela Jayawardene (374) Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Sinhalese Sports Club Ground, Colombo 2006
4th wicket 449 Flag of Australia Australia Adam Voges (269*) Shaun Marsh dagger (182) Flag of West Indies West Indies Bellerive Oval, Hobart 2015–16
5th wicket 405 Flag of Australia Australia Sid Barnes (234) Donald Bradman (234) Flag of England England Sydney Cricket Ground 1946–47
6th wicket 399 Flag of England England Ben Stokes dagger (258) Jonny Bairstow dagger (150*) Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town 2015–16
7th wicket 347 Flag of West Indies West Indies Denis Atkinson (219) Clairmonte Depeiaza (122) Flag of Australia Australia Kensington Oval, Bridgetown 1954–55
8th wicket 332 Flag of England England Jonathan Trott (184) Stuart Broad dagger (169) Flag of Pakistan Pakistan Lord's, London 2010
9th wicket 195 Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Mark Boucher (78) Pat Symcox (108) Flag of Pakistan Pakistan New Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg 1997–98
10th wicket 198 Flag of England England Joe Root dagger (154*) James Anderson dagger (81) Flag of India India Trent Bridge, Nottingham 2014

Last updated: 15 June 2016

Highest partnerships

Runs Team Players Opposition Venue Season
624 (3rd wicket) Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Kumar Sangakkara (287) Mahela Jayawardene (374) Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Sinhalese Sports Club Ground, Colombo 2006
576 (2nd wicket) Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Sanath Jayasuriya (340) Roshan Mahanama (225) Flag of India India Ranasinghe Premadasa Stadium, Colombo 1997–98
467 (3rd wicket) Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand Andrew Jones (186) Martin Crowe (299) Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Basin Reserve, Wellington 1990–91
451 (2nd wicket) Flag of Australia Australia Bill Ponsford (266) Donald Bradman (244) Flag of England England The Oval, London 1934
451 (3rd wicket) Flag of Pakistan Pakistan Mudassar Nazar (231) Javed Miandad (280*) Flag of India India Niaz Stadium, Hyderabad 1982–83

Last updated: 15 June 2016

See also

External links